With more than seven billion people in the world, it is incredibly important to keep potentially life-threatening health conditions in control as initial incidents appear. To better understand the threat of each outbreak, disease control officials rely on their risk assessment experts to generate reports detailing potential spread patterns and starting vectors. These reports help officials create a plan of action for containment and treatment of the disease at hand. Here are three health conditions that demand prompt attention each time physicians identify an infected individual.
The flu virus comes in three different strains, easily identifiable as A, B and C. Each of these strains has dozens of variants that cause a wide range of symptoms in a variety of severities. To make it even more complicated, the flu virus strains are constantly evolving with new ones appearing each year. Risk assessment experts track the severity of symptoms and watch carefully for a jump in yearly deaths caused by the flu to identify problem strains.
H1N1 (swine flu) and H5N1 (avian flu) recently caused a ruckus due to their potentially fatal nature, especially in children and elderly groups. Thankfully, aggressive treatment of these viruses included specialized tests that identified the strain and hospitalization of at risk individuals. These measures prevented many deaths and helped control spread to sensitive populations.
Tuberculosis is a potentially deadly disease caused by a strain of bacteria that easily moves through the human population. As a result, medical professionals take treatment and containment of infected individuals quite seriously. To control the spread, doctors prescribe a mix of medications designed to disable and kill the bacteria outright.
Until physicians confirm the bacteria are no longer transmissible, patients must abide by travel restrictions or quarantine orders. If patients do not comply with these orders, risk assessment experts may be called in to identify and alert exposed individuals. Disease control officials may even file for a mandatory quarantine order against uncooperative patients to protect public health.
Ebola is a type of viral hemorrhagic fever that's currently sweeping West Africa and threatening to spread throughout the world. Disease control officials are fighting against its spread through medical screenings, travel restrictions, quarantine orders and aggressive treatment protocols. Unfortunately, Ebola continues to spread in areas without advanced medical facilities and supplies.
Thankfully, this disease is not transmitted through the air or water, but rather from direct contact with bodily fluids, like saliva, blood or mucus, from an infected individual. As a result, medical quarantine is incredibly effective in controlling its spread through the community.
To successfully make that happen, risk assessment experts must identify prepared facilities and arrange the transport of the patient without posing a threat to health care workers or the general public. Once the patient recovers, their body fluids cannot transmit the virus to others, with the exception of semen, which can spread Ebola for three months after recovery.
Protecting Public Health
Although patients may not agree with quarantine orders, it is important to follow the advice of physicians and disease control experts to prevent a pandemic. Since disease spreads at an exponential rate, it's very important to control outbreaks from the start. Letting the infection transmission rate grow without taking preventive measures could result in a shocking number of deaths, especially in vulnerable populations.
Patients usually just need to go through the first phase of treatment and confirm the contagion is controlled before resuming normal activities. If the initial treatments do not work, it's even more imperative for patients to follow containment orders. In the end, following physician orders not only protects the general public, but the people who mean the most to that patient as well.
Visit a site like http://www.mindsetconsultinggroup.com for more information on risk assessment.